The Driving Laws and Children’s Car Seats

February 18, 2020 9:32 am
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In a recent study carried out by the RAC, it was found that more than a fifth (twenty-two per cent) of parents, guardians and grandparents who transport children by car admit to not using a child’s car seat all of the time and are putting lives at risk. Sixteen per cent of those who confessed to breaking the law by not properly securing their young passengers said they had done so only very rarely. However, a shocking three per cent said they did this on a regular occurrence and another three per cent say they did not properly secure their young passengers occasionally.

When closely analysing the statistics, it was found that those who say they regularly don’t use a specially designed child car seat for their child or grandchild were commonly between the ages of 45 and 54 years old. Among those who say they have done this very rarely, it was found that eighteen per cent of the drivers were aged between 17 and 34, and sixteen per cent were grandparents over the age of 65 years old. It was also found that men were more likely to not properly secure their young passengers in the car than women. The research found seventeen per cent of men admitted to doing this compared to fifteen per cent of women.

The research found that the main reason given by parents, guardians and grandparents for not securing their child or grandchild properly in the car was due to not having access to a child car seat as it was in another vehicle (fifty-four per cent). The second most common reason was that nearly a fifth (eighteen per cent) stated that they forgot to take the car seats out of another car. A further fifteen per cent of those who admitted to not using child car seats all of the time said they didn’t use one due to the shortness of the journey. Another nine percent stated that they discovered the car seat was the wrong size for their child or grandchild and therefore stopped using one. And finally, a four per cent stated that their vehicle was heavily loaded and there was not enough space for the car seat.

So, what does the UK law say about the use of children’s car seats and the penalties for driving without them? What are the regulations that dictate whether a child needs a car seat or not? The UK law states that a child must use a child car seat until they are twelve years old or 135cm tall, whichever comes first. Children over the age of twelve or more than 135cm tall must wear a seat belt. This is regardless of the journey’s distance or duration. These regulations were not introduced until as late as 2006 when the law requiring children to use special car seats was introduced. Before this law was introduced, children’s car seats were merely optional.

If you are caught transporting children without properly securing them into car or even if you are using the wrong car seat for your child’s height and weight, you could face fines of up to £500 and three penalty points on your licence.

The law was updated on 1st March 2017 to address concerns about backless booster seats. The updated law now states that all new to market backless booster seats are only approved for children are taller than 125cm or weigh more than twenty-two kilograms. Before the law was updated, the law stated that backless booster seats could only be used when the child weighed as little as fifteen kilograms. However, remember that these regulations only apply to newly manufactured and designed booster seats which were sold after the 1st March 2017. For seats that were manufactured and sold before the 1st March 2017, you should use the rules before the update.

The advice that the RAC has given is that having the right car seat for your child is essential for their safety. The research conducted by the RAC shows that some parents and grandparents are willing to take risks by not using the correct car seats. Despite many of these parents, guardians and grandparents saying that they have only not used the correct car seats very occasionally, you can never guarantee that something bad won’t happen. The RAC have urged that every parent, grandparent or guardian should not take the chance, as the possible consequences of such actions are terrible.

In most cases, the Gov website states that children under three years old must always be in a car seat. However, there are some examples of when it is legal for a child to travel in a car without a car seat. These exceptions are listed on the Gov website and include:

  • The child is in a minibus, coach or van
  • The child is in a taxi or minicab
  • The child is on an unexpected journey, for example an emergency
  • There was no room for another car seat

Here is a little more detail about these exceptions. In taxis and minicabs – or any other private hire vehicles – if the driver doesn’t provide the correct child car seat, children can travel without one. But this is only if they are travelling on a rear seat. If this is the case then a child aged three or over must wear an adult seat belt. If the child is under three years old, then they must travel without a seat belt. In coaches, children can travel without a child car seat or seat belt, if they’re not available. And in minibuses, all children must travel in rear seats if a child car seat or an adult seat belt isn’t fitted.

As for unexpected journeys, if the correct child car seat isn’t available, a child aged three or older can use an adult seat belt. However, this can only be legal if the journey is all of the following:

  • Unexpected
  • Necessary
  • over a short distance

It is essential that you remember that by law, you cannot take children under the age of three on an unexpected journey in a vehicle without the correct child car seat, unless both of the following apply:

  • it’s a licensed taxi or minicab
  • the child travels on a rear seat without a seat belt
  • No room for a third child car seat

Children under the age of three must be in a child car seat. If there’s no room for a third child car seat in the back of the vehicle, the child must travel in the front seat with the correct child car seat. Children aged 3 or older can sit in the back using an adult belt. We encourage you to read through the Gov website’s information about car seats and ensure that you fully understand the regulations and exceptions to avoid being caught out!

The RAC have decided to make a campaign with an aim to use the trust that is associated with the RAC name in the world of motoring to the parent, baby and child products market. This campaign has resulted in the RAC launching its first ever branded child car seat. The new RAC Come and Go i-Rotate i-Size car seat was produced for the RAC by Cosatto, a British child car seat maker.

To have a read of the newspaper articles that have been used in this blog, please look at the following websites:

Our team of specialist driving offence solicitors at Driving Solicitors have the experience and expertise to give advice over any issues regarding children’s car seats. If you have been caught transporting children by car without using a child’s car seat properly, or if you have been accused of doing this offence but feel that you have wrongly been accused, get legal advice and help today! Do not hesitate to contact Driving Solicitors on 0203 488 2551 or email us on to get expert legal advice from a specialist motoring solicitor today.

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Written by:  Miriam Rhodes-Leader